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Table 1 Patient and treatment characteristics

From: Clinical results of conformal versus intensity-modulated radiotherapy using a focal simultaneous boost for muscle-invasive bladder cancer in elderly or medically unfit patients

Characteristics Patients
n (%)
Sex   
 Female 29 (25)
 Male 89 (75)
WHO performance status   
 0 13 (11)
 1 67 (57)
 2 35 (30)
 3 3 (2)
Tumor stagea   
 2 37 (31)
 3 71 (60)
 4 10 (9)
Histological grade   
 2 11 (9)
 3 107 (91)
Clinical lymph node involvementb   
 No 109 (92)
 Yes 9 (8)
Hydronephrosis   
 No 97 (82)
 Yes 21 (18)
Tumor size   
 2–4 cm 37 (31)
 4–6 cm 58 (49)
 ≥6 cm 22 (19)
 Unknown 1 (1)
Tumor resection status   
 Not resected 2 (2)
 Complete resection 13 (11)
 Incomplete resection 49 (41)
 Unknown 54 (46)
Planned radiotherapy dose   
 55 Gy 61 (52)
 60 Gy 57 (48)
Radiotherapy technique   
 3D-conformal 67 (57)
 IMRT 43 (36)
 VMAT 8 (7)
Focal simultaneous boost   
 Concomitant 101 (86)
 Simultaneously integrated 17 (14)
Treated with image-guidance   
 No 42 (36)
 Yes 76 (64)
  1. aAccording to UICC (TNM) classification
  2. bPatients with positive lymph nodes were not referred for radical radiotherapy. However, patients with one clinically dubious but not pathologically proven local node were included